Scientific revolution was a period in European history during which scientific inventions in physics, biology, astronomy, chemistry and human anatomy changed drastically. Scientific revolution introduced two methods of science which differentiated it from the previous studies of natural philosophy. Despite its name, the scientific “revolution” was not an abrupt event. It gathered steam gradually starting around the middle of the 1400s, and has accelerated ever since.
The 17th century Scientific Revolution broke new ground in the understanding of the physical world.
The Renaissance involved a different attitude about the world, one which focussed upon the human being rather than the gods, a humanistic natural viewpoint as opposed to a supernatural one. This change in attitude was essential to the scientific revolution.
Also essential was a deepening skepticism about religion and about authority figures of the past. The invention of the printing press, the development of vernacular languages, the continued growth of a literate middle class in urban areas produced larger numbers of people who were not willing to blindly accept the teachings of the Church and its clergy; rather, they read the Bible and came to their own understanding. This increase in independent thinking among the intellectual elite of Europe was expressed in the Renaissance and in the Protestant Reformation. The Church was being challenged as the fountain of wisdom and the center of authority.